A marijuana seedling requires a consistent 18-hour light cycle, neutral pH soil, and specific temperature plus humidity to ensure that it reaches maturity, and produces worthwhile yields. The ability to measure these external variables and protect your plants requires the tools mentioned in the list of cannabis grow supplies below.
The Best Advice For Cannabis Grow Supplies
Here’s a list of equipment for growing weed.
1. Grow Tent
A grow tent is the most essential requirement because it provides shelter for cannabis plants as well as protection against external pests. Cannabis growers also can regulate humidity and temperature effectively compared to outdoor growing. Moreover, grow tents offer the best environment for nurturing clones.
One benefit of owning a grow tent is its high portability which comes in handy when a grower is relocating to a new building. It also doubles up as an excellent drying room because the producer can optimize airflow, humidity, and temperature to prevent powdery mildew.
Seasoned marijuana farmers use large grow pots because they provide sufficient room for the roots to spread out deep into the soil. This is important because it’s hard to implement stress training on the branches when the plant lacks a strong anchorage. In addition to providing support, roots play a key role in absorbing nutrients from the soil.
Fabric grow pots are popular because they don’t attract and retain high temperatures like the commonly used plastic buckets or pots. The porous nature of fabric pots also makes it easy to drain out excess water from the soil.
3. Humidifier & Dehumidifier
Cannabis plants in the vegetative or flowering state require humidity ranging from 40-50% while clones thrive within the ranges of 60-65%. A humidifier is necessary to sustain a conducive environment for photosynthesis and transpiration when external temperatures escalate to unfavorable levels.
Dehumidifiers are necessary when growing marijuana during winter or in areas prone to high humidity. A marijuana grower can decrease humidity within the grow tent or room to prevent the occurrence of bud rot or powdery mildew.
Fans help to maintain conducive temperatures for plants inside the grow tent since grow lights emit a significant amount of heat when activated. In addition, outlet fans are useful for redirecting excess heat and cannabis odors accumulating in the grow tent. It’s impossible to maintain good airflow without these devices.
5. Grow Lights
Cannabis plants need light to help them germinate, transition to a vegetative state, and eventually flower to produce healthy buds. A good source of light, whether High-Pressure Sodium bulbs or an LED panel should produce at least 18 hours of light consistently while emitting a moderate amount of heat to protect the marijuana crops from dehydration.
6. Thermometer and Hygrometer
Cannabis growers rely on their thermometers to ensure that their crops don’t succumb to heat stress or death from prolonged exposure to cold surroundings. It’s important to ensure that the grow tent is at room temperature when germinating seeds or nurturing clones so that metabolism can take place unimpeded.
Hygrometers help growers to assess humidity levels for plants cultivated inside grow tents and drying rooms for harvested cannabis. Thermometers and Hygrometers help farmers to record accurate data every day to create reliable grow journals.
7. Denatured Alcohol for Sanitizing
The outdoors contains some microscopic creatures and eggs that are harmful to cannabis plants. The biggest challenge is the unintentional introduction of such microorganisms inside a grow tent. However, you can limit or prevent such parasites by cleaning your grow tent once or twice per week using a clean cloth and denatured alcohol.
It’s also necessary to clean your gardening tools twice a week to destroy any breeding grounds for microscopic parasites such as spider mites.
High-quality soil helps your roots to develop strong anchorage and promotes optimum nutrient intake. It should also be well-aerated to maximize airflow and prevent water from clogging and causing root rot. A marijuana grower should ensure that the soil is sterilized before germinating seeds or planting clones to prevent parasites from breeding and infesting the crops.
It’s also crucial to have soil with a neutral pH since high levels of acidity or basicity impede nutrient uptake. Cannabis plants are unable to absorb phosphorus in soil that’s acidic while iron uptake cannot take place in soils that have a pH above 8.
Cannabis seedlings require soil that’s rich in nitrogen to promote the development of chlorophyll inside leaves and strong branches plus stems. Potassium helps plants to acclimatize to ultraviolet rays and heat emitted by light sources or the sun. First-time growers don’t have to break a sweat because there are plenty of YouTube cannabis channels that educate farmers on how to use different nutrients.
The flowering stage of a cannabis plant triggers increased demand for phosphorus and potassium. These nutrients are sold in the form of liquid fertilizer that’s water soluble. The marijuana grower must have a clean pipette for measuring out the recommended doses of nutrients.
11. pH Meter
The initials, pH represents a unit known as the potential of hydrogen, which is used to measure acidity or alkaline levels. A pH meter is essential before germinating any cannabis seeds or nurturing clones because it helps the grower to identify potential problems that can hinder nutrient absorption.
Purchasing a DIY soil test kit can help you to identify the specific nutrients in your soil that are either in excess or insufficient.
12. Pocket Microscope
A pocket microscope helps cannabis growers in sexing plants because the magnifying lens makes the male pollen sacs easier to spot. It also aids in quick inspections for mites or powdery mildew while defoliating or watering marijuana plants. Furthermore, it helps farmers assess plants that are due for harvesting based on the appearance of the trichomes.
13. Eye Protection
Cannabis plants require intense light to carry out photosynthesis. Indoor growers, however, are vulnerable to eye complications due to repeated exposure to bright lights within compact spaces. This problem is avoidable by wearing eye protection before stepping inside the grow tent or room.
Grow room glasses also help farmers to get a clear view of the crops. The bright light from an HPS bulb or colored UV rays from an LED panel distort appearances to the naked eye. A pair of grow room eyes makes it easier to spot defects or parasites.
14. Rope Ratchets
Rope ratchets are useful for mounting grow light panels and carbon filters. They come with hooks for clamping the equipment and the height is adjustable through a simple lever.
15. Trimming Scissors
Trimming scissors is virtually an everyday tool, especially during the vegetative stage. Proper defoliation requires a sharp tool to make small and precise cuts, that won’t leave the plant severely injured or vulnerable to parasite infestation.
16. Sticky Traps for Pest Control
Aphids, leaf miners, and spider mites are some of the most notorious pests that can ruin an entire crop drastically. The microscopic body size enables such parasites to invade and feed on growing plants without drawing attention, which is why it’s necessary to frequently inspect your plants using a pocket microscope.
Sticky traps form an effective barrier around the grow pot to prevent pests from breeding on the soil.
17. Spray Pump for Foliar Feeding
Plants that are about to flower need foliar feeding to support the increased demand for nutrients. A spray pump or bottle enables marijuana growers to spray liquid fertilizer on the leaves as the roots simultaneously draw in additional nutrients.
18. Drying Rack for Weed Harvest
Drying your buds correctly after harvest is essential to avoid infestation from powdery white mildew. Equipping your drying racks with fans allows for optimum airflow in between chopped plants to enable them to lose moisture at a high rate.